瓦倫達效應

瓦倫達效應

惟雯說故事

 

心理學上有一個著名的「瓦倫達效應」。

 

瓦倫達是美國一個著名的高空走鋼索的表演者,他在一次重大的表演中,不幸失足身亡。

事後,他的妻子說,我知道這一次一定要出事,因為他上場前總是不停地說,這次太重要了,不能失敗;而以前每次成功的表演,他總想著走鋼絲這件事本身,而不去管這件事可能帶來的一切,後來,人們就把專注於事情本身、不患得患失的心態,叫做「瓦倫達心態」。

 

美國斯史丹佛大學的一項研究證明,人大腦裏的某一圖像會像實際情況那樣刺激人的神經系統,比如當一個高爾夫選手擊球前一再告誡自己「不要把球打進水裏」時,他的大腦裏就會出現「球掉進水裏」的情景,而結果往往事與願違,這時候球大多會掉進水裏,這項研究從另一個方面證實了「瓦倫達心態」。

 

在現實生活中,人們做任何事情,總是想得太多,太在乎事情所帶來的後果,太在乎別人的閒言碎語、說三道四,太在乎現在和未來的一切,而恰恰忽略了事情的本身。

 

我們的大腦成天被各種想法塞得滿滿的,在這樣的重壓下,我們能把事情做好嗎?結果,愈害怕出錯,就愈容易出錯。

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